Injury Among Young Canadians: A national study of contextual determinants - Report

This report raises awareness of adolescent injury issues and supports evidence-based and necessary actions to prevent injuries in this population.

Select key findings:

  • Contextual factors in a young person’s home, school, neighbourhood and peer contexts are important to consider when examining injury risk.
  • There are specific vulnerable groups for injury, including young people who reside in group homes or foster care, students who are bullied and students living in rural settings.
  • Students attending schools in low SES neighbourhoods had a greater number of severe injuries. However, severe injuries were also frequent among grade 9/10 boys in neighbourhoods with high average household income.
  • Negative social characteristics of neighbourhoods, including a lack of trust, fear of being taken advantage of by neighbours, feeling there are no good places to spend free time and neighbourhoods that are not safe to play in, were associated with a greater likelihood of severe injury.
  • Peers have a significant influence on a young person’s injury risk. Young people who do not engage in health risk behaviours such as alcohol use or smoking were still at increased risk for injury if their peers engaged in these activities.

The report is also be available in French as Blessures chez les Jeunes Canadiens: une étude nationale sur les déterminants contextuels.

Publication Date: 
Canadian Institute of Child Health